Setting up Windows
You must set your Windows system locale to English, or else you may get build errors about "The file contains a character that cannot be represented in the current code page."
Setting up the environment for Visual Studio 2013
You must build with Visual Studio 2013 Update 4, no other versions are supported.
You must have Windows 7 x64 or later. x86 OSs are unsupported.
Step 2: Follow the appropriate path below:
You should also install the Windows 10 SDK to the default install location.
Run set DEPOT_TOOLS_WIN_TOOLCHAIN=0, or set that variable in your global environment.
Visual Studio Express is not supported and will not be able to build Chromium.
Compilation is done through ninja, not Visual Studio.
Run: download_from_google_storage --config and follow the authentication instructions. Note that you must authenticate with your @google.com credentials, not @chromium.org. Enter "0" if asked for a project-id.
Once you've done this, the toolchain will be installed automatically for you in Step 3, below (near the end of the step).
The toolchain will be in depot_tools\win_toolchain, and windbg can be found in depot_tools\win_toolchain\vs2013_files\win8sdk\Debuggers.
If you want the IDE for debugging and editing, you will need to install it separately, but this is optional and not needed to build Chromium.
Step 4: ninja -C out\Debug chrome
Substitute the build directory given to -C with out\Debug_x64 for 64-bit builds in GYP, or whatever build directory you have configured if using GN.
If you're primarily going to be doing debug dev builds, you'll want to turn on the component build (in GYP do set GYP_DEFINES=component=shared_library, in GN, set the build arg is_component_build = true). This will generate many DLLs and enable incremental linking, which makes linking much faster in Debug.