Native Client‎ > ‎2: How Tos‎ > ‎

Building and Testing GCC and GNU binutils


Introduction

This page describes the structure of source code of the GCC-based Native Client toolchain. The sources are based on stable releases of external packages: Binutils, GCC, Newlib, GDB, GlibC plus a subset of linux kernel headers. The rest of the page addresses the structure of the source repositories, the ways to synchronize patches across them and the build script.

Prerequisites

We recommend hacking the toolchain on Linux. After each commit the toolchain tarballs are built on buildbots. On Windows the build is quite slow (up to 4 hours, compared to 10-40 min on Linux) mostly due to the poor performance of fork() on Cygwin.

Installing packages on your system

  • Refer to HowToBuildPorts for setting up the build environment.
  • optional: Git and Subversion (useful for development)
    sudo apt-get install gitk subversion
Native Client Source is also required to build the toolchain (specifically, libraries). Follow the instructions on the Native Client Source page to fetch the sources.

Setting up environment variables for Git

If you are going to contribute to the toolchain, you will need to use the Git repository. Add similar lines to your .bashrc or a shell login script:
export GIT_COMMITTER_NAME="John Doe"
export GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL="doe@example.com"
export GIT_AUTHOR_NAME="Mary Major"
export GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL="mary@example.com"

In the most common case author and committer strings should be equal. Note that the development process on Cygwin is too slow to be impractical.


Obtaining the toolchain sources

cd native_client/tools
make sync  # For more options about syncing and building read the topmost comment in the Makefile.

Building the toolchain

Option 1: Build a newlib-based toolchain

make clean build-with-newlib -j16

Option 2: Build a GlibC-based toolchain.

make clean build-with-glibc -j16

The toolchain binaries get installed to native_client/tools/out by default, you bay override it by providing TOOLCHAINLOC=<path> in make invocation.

note: Although the build script is written as a Makefile, it does not support incremental rebuilds (though it supports parallel builds).
note: To build in a 100% clean way, the TOOLCHAINLOC directory must be empty.


Structure of the Git repositories

The Git repositories are hosted at chromium git repositories. NaCl development happens in branch master in each repository.

Branches

The branch vendor-src keeps the sources from the original tarball unchanged. From time to time the master branch should be rebased on top of newer revisions of the vendor-src branch. Once the master branch is rebased, the old branch should be kept from garbage collection so that old commits can be found by hashes (required to be able to reproduce old builds).

Code reviews

Follow the Git Cookbook for sending your commit for review. Recommendations: Method #1 is the easiest. Instead of "git cl" you can use git-cl from depot_tools. In the simplest case you may:

git checkout -b my_hack origin/master # make your branch
# hack hack hack
git add your/file1 your/file2
git commit -m "do my hack with GCC"
git-cl upload --send-mail -r reviewer@chromium.org
# fix stuff during review
git commit --amend your/fixed/file1
git-cl upload
# you've got an LGTM
git-cl push

Testing the toolchain (the GCC testsuite)

Currently it is only easy to run the tests in x86-64 mode, x86-32 testing is broken. To run all tests:

make -j4 check SDKLOC=/path/to/your/location

To run one of the three testsuites (c++ testsuite in this case):

make DEJAGNU=/your/native_client/tools/dejagnu/site.exp check-c++ RUNTESTFLAGS="SIM=/your/sel_ldr --target_board=nacl --outdir=your-directory-for-reports"

To run a subset of a testsuite governed by some '.exp' config file just add the name of the file (without path to it) as additional parameter to runtest:

cd your-native-client/native_client/tools/BUILD/build-gcc-nacl64/gcc
DEJAGNU=your-dejagnu/site.exp runtest --tool gcc --target_board=nacl --outdir=/tmp/your-temp-dir SIM=/your/sel_ldr builtins.exp

You may limit running tests to a single file. Again, the file name should omit the path part:

cd your-native-client/native_client/tools/BUILD/build-gcc-nacl64/gcc
DEJAGNU=your-dejagnu/site.exp runtest --tool gcc --target_board=nacl --outdir=/tmp/your-temp-dir SIM=/your/sel_ldr builtins.exp=strncat-chk.c
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