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SameSite=None: Known Incompatible Clients

Last updated: Nov 11, 2019

Some user agents are known to be incompatible with the `SameSite=None` attribute.
  • Versions of Chrome from Chrome 51 to Chrome 66 (inclusive on both ends). These Chrome versions will reject a cookie with `SameSite=None`. This also affects older versions of Chromium-derived browsers, as well as Android WebView. This behavior was correct according to the version of the cookie specification at that time, but with the addition of the new "None" value to the specification, this behavior has been updated in Chrome 67 and newer. (Prior to Chrome 51, the SameSite attribute was ignored entirely and all cookies were treated as if they were `SameSite=None`.)
  • Versions of UC Browser on Android prior to version 12.13.2. Older versions will reject a cookie with `SameSite=None`. This behavior was correct according to the version of the cookie specification at that time, but with the addition of the new "None" value to the specification, this behavior has been updated in newer versions of UC Browser.
  • Versions of Safari and embedded browsers on MacOS 10.14 and all browsers on iOS 12. These versions will erroneously treat cookies marked with `SameSite=None` as if they were marked `SameSite=Strict`. This bug has been fixed on newer versions of iOS and MacOS.

Here is a potential approach to working around incompatible clients (in pseudocode). If you implement this sample, we highly encourage you to do your own testing to ensure that your implementation is working as intended. Note: The sample regular expression patterns below may not be perfect, as User-Agent strings can vary widely; we encourage you to use a tested User-Agent parsing library if possible.



// Copyright 2019 Google LLC.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0

// Don’t send `SameSite=None` to known incompatible clients.

bool shouldSendSameSiteNone(string useragent):
    return !isSameSiteNoneIncompatible(useragent)

// Classes of browsers known to be incompatible.

bool isSameSiteNoneIncompatible(string useragent):
    return hasWebKitSameSiteBug(useragent) ||
           dropsUnrecognizedSameSiteCookies(useragent)

bool hasWebKitSameSiteBug(string useragent):
    return isIosVersion(major:12, useragent) ||
           (isMacosxVersion(major:10, minor:14, useragent) &&
            (isSafari(useragent) || isMacEmbeddedBrowser(useragent)))

bool dropsUnrecognizedSameSiteCookies(string useragent):
    return (isChromiumBased(useragent) &&
            isChromiumVersionAtLeast(major:51, useragent) &&
            !isChromiumVersionAtLeast(major:67, useragent)) ||
           (isUcBrowser(useragent) &&
            !isUcBrowserVersionAtLeast(major:12, minor:13, build:2, useragent))

// Regex parsing of User-Agent string. (See note above!)

bool isIosVersion(int major, string useragent):
    string regex = "\(iP.+; CPU .*OS (\d+)[_\d]*.*\) AppleWebKit\/"
    // Extract digits from first capturing group.
    return useragent.regexMatch(regex)[0] == intToString(major)

bool isMacosxVersion(int major, int minor, string useragent):
    string regex = "\(Macintosh;.*Mac OS X (\d+)_(\d+)[_\d]*.*\) AppleWebKit\/"
    // Extract digits from first and second capturing groups.
    return (useragent.regexMatch(regex)[0] == intToString(major)) &&
           (useragent.regexMatch(regex)[1] == intToString(minor))

bool isSafari(string useragent):
    string safari_regex = "Version\/.* Safari\/"
    return useragent.regexContains(safari_regex) &&
           !isChromiumBased(useragent)

bool isMacEmbeddedBrowser(string useragent):
    string regex = "^Mozilla\/[\.\d]+ \(Macintosh;.*Mac OS X [_\d]+\) "
                     + "AppleWebKit\/[\.\d]+ \(KHTML, like Gecko\)$"
    return useragent.regexContains(regex)

bool isChromiumBased(string useragent):
    string regex = "Chrom(e|ium)"
    return useragent.regexContains(regex)

bool isChromiumVersionAtLeast(int major, string useragent):
    string regex = "Chrom[^ \/]+\/(\d+)[\.\d]* "
    // Extract digits from first capturing group.
    int version = stringToInt(useragent.regexMatch(regex)[0])
    return version >= major

bool isUcBrowser(string useragent):
    string regex = "UCBrowser\/"
    return useragent.regexContains(regex)

bool isUcBrowserVersionAtLeast(int major, int minor, int build, string useragent):
    string regex = "UCBrowser\/(\d+)\.(\d+)\.(\d+)[\.\d]* "
    // Extract digits from three capturing groups.
    int major_version = stringToInt(useragent.regexMatch(regex)[0])
    int minor_version = stringToInt(useragent.regexMatch(regex)[1])
    int build_version = stringToInt(useragent.regexMatch(regex)[2])
    if major_version != major:
        return major_version > major
    if minor_version != minor:
        return minor_version > minor
    return build_version >= build

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